In the intricate world of cannabis, the strength and potency of products, specifically flower, are often attributed to the cannabinoid content and THC %. However, terpenes play a crucial role in enhancing the overall experience.
Terpenes are naturally produced by plants and provide aroma, flavour, colour and effects. Specifically to cannabis, terpenes can alter the smell, taste or type of high a user ca experience when consuming. Dominant terpenes found in different types of cannabis products work together with THC, CBD and other cannabinoids to produce the type of effects or characteristics of certain strains.
Though there are more than 400 knwon terpenes in cannabis, only a handful have been known to be linked to specific effects, aromas and flavours. Let’s explore the Top 3 terpenes most commonly found in strong cannabis flower.
Terpenes Found in Strong Cannabis
As the name suggests, pinene carries the aroma of pine needles. This terpene not only contributes to the distinctive scent of some cannabis strains but also offers anti-inflammatory properties. Pinene is believed to promote alertness and improve airflow, creating a well-rounded experience for consumers. Pinene is also known to reduce “anxiety” effects commonly attributed to cannabis products.
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With a spicy and peppery profile, Caryophyllene not only adds a unique flavor to cannabis but also exhibits anti-anxiety and anti-inflammatory effects. Its ability to bind to CB2 receptors in the endocannabinoid system makes it a noteworthy contributor to the overall potency of a cannabis flower. It is the only terpene known to also act as a cannabinoid, activating the endocannabinoid system, resulting in less euphoric feelings but provides many benefits from activating the receptors.
Known for its earthy and woody notes, Humulene is a terpene with anti-inflammatory and appetite-suppressant properties (though this may not be true for everyone who consumes Humelene). It is also the most common terpene found in Hops, used for making beer and often collaborates with other terpenes to enhance the entourage effect in cannabis, making the overall experience more inducing.